The moral damage of the personality caused by the war and its psychological examination


  • Sergii Boltivets Doctor of Psychological Sciences, Professor, Head of Rehabilitation Programs of the Active Therapy of Special Conditions Clinic, Chairman of the Ukrainian Hypnosis Society, Deputy Editor-in-Chief and permanent author of the “Psychology and Society” journal, Kyiv. ORCID: 0000-0003-4432-5272 ResearcherID: U-3069-2018



psychological knowledge, expert-psychological means, compensation for harm caused


The article reveals the trends in the development of psychological knowledge in the modern world, including Ukraine, and hopes to put an end to the systematic destruction of the Ukrainian people during most periods of history known to us, which puts the responsibility of fulfilling these expectations of justice on the current and future generations of Ukrainians together with other morally developed and responsible peoples and protection of human life and health, property, freedom, honor and dignity, integrity and security. The expert-psychological means of depriving the Russian aggressors of the opportunity to destroy Ukrainians to the extent that it is possible to compensate for the damage caused are substantiated, since one of these important conditions for future security is material compensation by the Russians for the damage caused to Ukrainians and citizens of other states sympathetic to Ukraine, whose way of life was changed under the influence of the Russian war, both material and moral, and therefore mental damage. It was noted that full-scale Russian compensation for the damage caused, in particular moral, and therefore mental, has not yet been set as a goal, the achievement of which is one of the most important means of preventing Russian aggression in the future. Emphasis is placed on the duty of justice, which is to create a precedent for proportionally retaliatory resolution of the issue of the consequences of the war, which cannot be limited only to the current generation of Russians, since the commission of any genocide causes the depopulation of the relevant, in this case, Ukrainian people. It is predicted that the precedent of multi-generational compensation by the Russians for the damage caused to another nation, in our case – Ukrainian, will become one of the political and psychological safeguards for the emergence of the intention to start future wars, just as until now the idea of the consequences of a nuclear war on the example of Hiroshima and Nagasaki has so far deterring the use of nuclear weapons. The contents of the Kyiv monument of ancient Ukrainian legal thought of the beginning of the 11th century “Pravda Ruska”, whose validity extended to the land of Novgorod and other principalities, which has no prototype and thus testifies to its own legal will, its independence in asserting the right to life, are given. The provision that the prevention of current and future moral suffering consists in the introduction of mechanisms to compensate for the damage in its material, i.e. monetary equivalent, which, in combination with the criminal punishment of war criminals, constitutes compensation that can to some extent restore the trust of the victims in justice is substantiated. as the basic moral category of humanity's survival and the conviction that the likelihood of the repetition of suffering has been greatly reduced, if not completely disappeared, as it already happened following the execution of the judgments of the Nuremberg Tribunal. The orientation of the implementation of psychological examinations, which should cover the probable consequences of the damage caused in the ontogeny, and therefore a projective assessment of the lifelong functioning of the affected person, which may be completely unaware of it, is revealed. In the case of determining the amount of moral damage caused by the Russian genocide of Ukrainians, the category of moral damage refers to the damage and suffering caused to the entire Ukrainian nation by the loss of the future of its best daughters and sons, among whom are the geniuses and talents of its future spiritual and intellectual development. The target value of money withheld from the Russian Federation, its subjects or Russian criminals has been determined, which consists on the one hand in exhausting the future opportunities of Russians to go to Ukraine to kill and rob Ukrainians, and on the other hand, for the victims, it is a compensatory instrument of possession life situations changed by them, for which they can be exhaustive or at least partially effective within the limits of what is possible.


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How to Cite

Boltivets, Sergii. “The Moral Damage of the Personality Caused by the War and Its Psychological Examination”. Psyhology & Society, no. 2, Dec. 2023, pp. 169-81,