Sources and basics of comprehending a positive-harmonious Self-concept as a structure-functional integrity


  • Oksana Furman Doctor of Psychological Sciences, Professor, Professor of the Psychology and Social Work Department of West Ukraine National University, Deputy Editor-in-Chief of the “Psychology and Society” journal, Ternopil. ORCID: 0000-0002-7082-9717 ResearcherID: G-4942-2017



consciousness, self-consciousness, Self-concept, Self, Super Self, superconscious


The article proves that the self-concept balances the behavior and activities of everyone in accordance with the specific socio-cultural living conditions, and also integrates personal and covital identification in its psycho-spiritual content, ensures the achievement of internal agreement, enables the interpretation of experience and is a source of various self-images and self-installation; at the same time, the delimitation description and psychological analysis of the concepts “consciousness”, “self-consciousness”, “Self”, “Self-concept”, “We-concept” were carried out, thanks to which the basics and foundation of the appearance of beliefs and ideas about the phenomenon of Self-concept are substantiated; the structural components of the psyche and the levels of a person’s mental life according to S. Freud’s theory are analyzed; it was found that self-consciousness, the central link of which is the Self-concept, is not only conditioned by triune processes (self-knowledge, self-attitude, self-regulation), but also has a fourth – self-comprehension, where self-creation and self-transformation of a person takes place; the content of the author’s model of a positive-harmonious self-concept of a person in its four-component composition is enriched: a) mental-cognitive: Self-image of the subject (Self-real, Self-informational-cognitive, Self-conscious, Self-ideal), b) emotional- evaluative: Self-attitude of a person (Self-real, Self-normative-reflexive, Self-subconscious, Self-ideal), c) action-creative: Self-deed of an individuality (Self-real, Self-value-reflective, Self-superconscious, Self-ideal), d) spontaneous-spiritual: Self-spiritual of the universum (Self-real, Self-unconscious, Self-ideal, Absolute of Self-spiritual); it is substantiated that the development of a positive-harmonious Self-concept contributes to the growth of balance both in the internal and external world, coherence and interrelationship between subject thought and personal self-attitude, individual actions and spiritual-universal self-reflection.


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How to Cite

Furman, Oksana. “Sources and Basics of Comprehending a Positive-Harmonious Self-Concept As a Structure-Functional Integrity”. Psyhology & Society, no. 2, Dec. 2023, pp. 142-68,