“Find yourself” and “be faithful to yourself” as vectors of self-cognition


  • Roman Tratch American psychologist of Ukrainian origin, a doctor of philosophy, a professor, a member of the National Academy of Pedagogical Sciences of Ukraine, a member of the American Psychological Association (APA), a member of the Association of Humanistic Psychology (AHP), professor of psychology at the National University of Kyiv-Mohyla Academy, Honored Professor of Psychology at St. John Fisher College, Member of the Taras Shevchenko Scientific Society (NTSh-A), permanent author and member of the editorial board of the journal Psychology and Society.




person, self-knowledge, soul, experience, authenticity, humanistic psychology, psychotherapy, personal autonomy, self-actualization of personality


Using the personаlity theory of German psychologist Philipp Lersch, a phenomenological elucidation of what it means “to thine own self be true” is offered. Lersch views the person as a two-tіеr structure.  The <affective-dynamic> base is formed by our drives, needs, desires, and emotions connected with them. Resting upon it is the <personal superstructure> of thinking and decision-making processes. Harmonious working together of both levels is a precondition of personal authenticity, while lack of it, as in repressions,   leads to inauthentic, “phony“ experiences and behaviors (as described by J.D.Salinger in  his novel “Catcher in the rye”). In the person-centered therapy of Carl Rogers client is slowly moving in the direction of a <fully functioning person> which is open to and in touch with experiences of its <organism>, i.e. its  <affective-dynamic base>. This Rogerian concept is similar to the A.H. Maslow’s descriptions of <self-actualizing persons>.


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How to Cite

Tratch, Roman. ““Find yourself” and ‘be Faithful to yourself’ As Vectors of Self-Cognition”. Psyhology & Society, no. 3-4, Mar. 2019, pp. 112-9, https://doi.org/10.35774/pis2018.03.112.